This thesis sets out to address the question of what drives the conservation of cultural built heritage, with a specific focus on exploring the diversity of stakeholders’ perceptions of the issues motivating the process of conservation decision-making and factors that act as barriers to the management of cultural built heritage. Four focus groups (n=26) were conducted in Australia and Tanzania (two case studies in each country) with an addition of two interviews in Tanzania involving key informants from different professional heritage backgrounds. An initial empirical analysis and interpretation of the qualitative data produced a number of findings which led to (i) the development of a framework for a conservation decision-making process illustrating a logical flow for an effective and efficient sustainable management system of cultural built heritage and (ii) the introduction of a new analytical concept entitled ‘community heritage discourse (CHD)’ that could help address different stakeholders’ interests and perceptions through a conservation co-creation process directed towards safeguarding cultural built heritage for future generations in Australia, Tanzania and other present day societies. In turn, the improved understanding and contribution presented in the thesis are intended to help resolve management issues and challenges as well as enhance sustainability in the conservation of cultural built heritage.

Year Manuscript Completed



Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis | Historic Preservation and Conservation


Historic buildings; Conservation and restoration; Historic sites; Historic buildings; Cultural property; Management.

Primary Language of Manuscript


01Front.pdf (472 kB)