Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Published Version.

White, P. (2008). Malicious drugging and the contaminated catheter: Adams v Canadian centre for ethics in sport. Sports law ejournal.

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© Copyright Paul White. All rights reserved.


Adams’ case concerns a doping violation by a blameless wheelchair athlete leading to the usual two year ban. The CAS wished to overturn the ban and had to strain the meaning of Article 10.5.1 of the WADA Code to prevent the unfair penalty. An amendment to the Code to allow a more flexible principle of proportionality in doping offences that involve exceptional circumstances might be an answer.



This document has been peer reviewed.