The topic for this research is the urban design of a particular case of human settlement: the urban beach precincts found on the coast of the Gold Coast, Australia. Urban design attributes, characteristics and values are the focus of an examination of three selected examples of different beach precincts. Urban design theories and practices have generally arisen from the study of places in existing towns and cities and very few studies have explicitly explored the conflicted and contested urban design along beachfronts. This study attempts to explore the design of the public spaces that provide the gateway to recreational, restorational and other benefits of access to the natural environment of the beach in an urban context, by examining the relationships between the use of the public spaces of beach precincts by residents, visitors and tourists, and the urban design attributes and characteristics and the values of beach precincts.
Jodie O'Leary, Suzie O'Toole, Bruce Watt, Kathleen Reynolds, and Rachael Hinton
This project focuses on current law and practice in Queensland to examine whether enough is being done to ensure that juveniles who may lack fitness are identified, assessed and diverted (where appropriate) from the criminal justice system.
This research argues that post occupancy evaluation (POE) can be a useful tool in validating the performance of commercial office buildings in terms of key design objectives of human comfort and productivity, from the perspective of building inhabitants. A new assessment framework is developed based on a double loop (learning) cycle for continuous process improvement founded on three principles of environmental engagement, accountability, and legitimacy (Alrazi, 2009). This framework enables the influence of both human comfort and productivity to be integrated in assessing the real environmental and organisational performance of commercial office buildings.
This research seeks to promote a better understanding of the use of management change process with an emphasis on human behaviour, performance and satisfaction, which may be of assistance to real estate development firms, investors, and end users to change and renew existing buildings to become 'green.'
With increasing demand for housing in large metropolitan regions, private developers are building new masterplanned communities on the fringe of major cities. Unlike conventional housing subdivisions, masterplanned communities are large scale integrated housing developments with provision for diversity of housing, shopping, open spaces and recreation facilities (McGuirk and Dowling, 2007; Minnery and Bajracharya, 1999; Schmitz et al., 1998).
Due to growing health concerns linked to inactive living, a number of new masterplanned communities in South East Queensland are creating supportive environments for physical activities.
Investigation into the Bullying Experiences of Children and Adolescents with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder
We know that children/adolescents with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder are particularly vulnerable to bullying and harrassment from their peers. This vulnerability can be partly attributed to poor understanding of others' motives and use of atypical social responses from children/adolescents with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder.
Bond Urology Group, Bond University
Objectives: To enhance our knowledge of the lower urinary tract with the aim of developing new treatments or enhancing current treatments of the following conditions:
- Neurogenic and idiopathic overactive bladder
- Cancers of the lower urinary tract
- Stress incontinence
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia
- Interstitial cystitis
- Erectile dysfunction
Mediating Community: Residential Development, Community, Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs)
Marcus Breen, Jeffrey Brand, Donna Henson, Sven Brodmerkel, James Birt, Bhishna Bajracharya, and Sri Ganesh Nair
The project aims to define and describe community in new residential developments and mobilize existing, new and innovative ideas about community using ICTs.
Construction work is often having to be competed for on the basis of prices for projects as a whole. However, once awarded, these projects are usually administered on the basis of the prices for each of the many constituent items of work. It is the item prices that govern how much contractors are paid on an interim basis as they progress. These prices also determine how much contractors receive for variations to the contracts, which are inevitable. Item prices are therefore of fundamental significance to construction contracts yet they are not used as the basis of the competition by which work is won. This is because principally it would be far more difficult to accomplish than the far simpler comparison between contractors’ overall bids (Skitmore and Cattell, 2011). Therefore item prices are freed from the constraint of the economic forces of competition and provide contractors considerable scope by which to decide these prices to reap several significant benefits. An initial test (Cattell, 2012) showed an instance of a construction contractor more than doubling profits by way of mathematically optimizing item prices whilst keeping the overall bid price the same.
Centre for Evidence-Based Practice
CREBP will undertake research about the processes and implementation of Evidence-Based Medicine, in order to more intelligently and efficiently close the gaps between best available evidence and current clinical practice. The effective integration of research into practice will contribute to the health and healthcare of Australians. This research will enhance Bond University as a leading private and independent University.
The conceptual framework promoted by Langston and Smith (2012) extended the existing literature to create a novel decision-making tool for the management of existing built facilities. Known as iconCUR, this model used primary criteria of condition, utilization and reward to map property status in 3D space at any point in time. The x and y coordinates identified the appropriate property management decision and the z coordinate indicated the strength of that decision. The appropriate intervention response was based on the relationship between the existing physical condition of the property and its current utilization level.
Introduction: Federal and state governments are committed to achieving better community safety and disaster resilience. It requires coordination and collaboration amongst multiple stakeholders in developing capability to predict, respond and recover from disastrous events including natural hazards and bio-security risks. Disaster response and recovery is implemented through multiple projects but use of traditional project management has been criticized as too time consuming and inflexible. This research project is the first phase in an investigation of the use of innovative, collaborative, context sensitive and systemic project management approaches to support improved community disaster response and recovery capability.
Suzanne de Janasz and Amy Kenworthy
The last decade has brought with it unprecedented change –not all of it good. The recent economic downturn has damaged organizations, communities, industries, nations, and individuals. Given the sometimes harsh reality facing many in today’s volatile economy, we have looked at the impact that being made redundant has on individuals. Does it irrevocably damage their self-esteem? What does it mean for their future careers? And can being laid off actually improve individuals’ overall health and well-being?
This last point may sound counter-intuitive, but do not underestimate the power of change. It is easy to think of losing a job as overwhelmingly negative, but our research indicates that the disruptive effect –the "jolt" -of job loss can also be a catalyst for positive change. This type of jolt has the potential to shake people out of inertia, forcing them to discard the old and focus attention on the new.
Introduction: The depletion of fossil fuels is a global issue; likewise, the pursuit of national energy security through reducing dependence on certain countries (e.g. those belonging to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) cannot be decoupled from international relations and globalization. While some experts argue that in many developing countries, biofuels provide an opportunity to address poverty and energy issues (Johnson et al., 2009), others note that challenges such as food security could be exacerbated by the expansion of biofuel production (Drexler, 2008).
Adrian Gepp, Kuldeep Kumar, and Sukanto Bhattacharya
Stephen S. Holden
Is social marketing ethical?
Jane Johnston, Patrick Keyzer, Mark Pearson, Sharon Rodrick, and Anne Wallace
The widespread and pervasive use of social media in Australian society is increasing pressure on courts and tribunals to develop social media policies.
One Goal, One Community: Program Development and Research Results from Bond’s International Anti-Bullying Program
Amy Kenworthy, Jeffrey Brand, George Hrivnak, and Dee Bartrum
Introduction: Since its launch in April 2010, Bond University’s ‘One Goal, One Community’ anti-bullying initiative has touched the lives of more than 50,000 people, grown to include program partners on two continents, involved 31 schools and community-based organisations from across five Australian states and the ACT, and has been lauded by the international press for its success.
Amy L. Kenworthy and George Hrivnak
The research presented here examines the efficacy of an andragogicalyet non-traditional teaching tool for business students –the incorporation of a fitness session at a university gymnasium as part of their negotiation curriculum. The teaching exercise under examination here incorporates an integrative instructional approach, using an experience-based, active platform for learning (Campbell, et al., 2006) to extend students’ understanding of both the importance of physical activity as well as cross-disciplinary connectivity utilizing literature drawn from the management sciences as well as the neurocognitionand health sciences domains.
This proposal aims to utilize digitally-controlled fabrication equipment recently acquired by the new Soheil Abedian School of Architecture toward developing novel, prototypical building envelope systems applicable to new building construction and retrofitting scenarios. This research into three-dimensional self-supporting enclosures is directed toward the need to develop low-cost building systems using inexpensive materials manipulated with sophisticated fabrication systems. The practical aim of the research prototypes are sustainability-providing structures which may be designed to provide shade, support vegetation growth, induce cross ventilation, increase thermal comfort, and enhance aesthetic pleasure in the built environment.
The increasing use of projects and programs by organizations to achieve business strategy and goals has led to the need to understand project portfolio management. Along with the added diffusion of portfolio management, a new managerial role evolves: the portfolio manager. This new role is pivotal in planning and controlling complex project landscapes more effectively and efficiently.
This study investigates the governance structures and the roles, responsibilities and practices of portfolio managers. A sequential mixed method approach under a realism paradigm is employed, and includes an inductive interview-based approach with six portfolio managers for six organizations in Australia. The results of these case studies are used to validate the research model based on previous work and develop the constructs for a new concept for project portfolio management.
Climate change presents significant challenges to society (e.g. Stern, 2006; Bouwer and Aerts, 2006). Many have concluded that climate change is the most important problem facing humankind, and indeed other life on Earth. The construction industry, which contributes 5-10% of national GDP globally, has a prominent role to play in meeting this challenge given that the built environment demands 40-50% of global resources and generates a proportional amount of waste (Langston and Ding, 2001). Climate change adaptation is about human response to this challenge, thus mitigating the impacts of a changing climate (Burton et al., 2005).
Impulsivity, Executive Cognition and Reward Sensitivity in Relation to Excessive or Problematic Alcohol Consumption
Michael Lyvers and Mark S. Edwards
Background: Deficits of frontal lobe functioning and associated cognitive impairments are well known correlates of chronic alcoholism and are commonly interpreted as reflecting cumulative effects of high alcohol exposure (Lyvers, 2000). Alternatively, such associations may reflect traits predating alcohol exposure which predispose to risky drinking . For example, university students have a higher prevalence of alcohol use as well as risky drinking than do non-students of the same age, yet not all students drink at risky levels, suggesting that excessive alcohol use by young adults may be influenced by underlying trait factors in addition to social factors. Recent studies using self-report indices have identified frontal lobe related traits such as impulsiveness, reward sensitivity, disinhibition, and executive dysfunction as factors associated with risky drinking in young adults (Lyvers et al., 2009, 2011). The proposed project will extend this work by administering neuropsychological tests of frontal lobe function to young adults aged 18-26 years to assess whether deficiencies in frontal lobe function are related to risky alcohol use by young adults.
Patrick McGhee and Ian McKinlay
Legislative pathways intended to direct mentally impaired offenders into proper care have instead led to indefinite terms of unwarranted imprisonment. Exposing the distorted use of prison-based supervision orders for cognitively disabled Indigenous persons is the central concern of the Aboriginal Disability Justice Campaign.
With increasing demands of modern life reducing society’s standards of health and wellbeing, individuals have fallen victim to competing demands at work and home. This lifestyle has subsequently resulted in profound detrimental effects on health and wellbeing at individual, workplace and community levels. This direct effect has been reflected through workplace injury and disease, estimated at over 7 billion dollars per year in Australia (LaMontagne et al., 2006). A study aimed at identifying the health profile of Australian workers (Medibank Private and Econtech, 2005) has revealed that 62% of Australian workers are overweight, 50% are totally inactive and almost half have poor diets. Additionally, over half the Australian workforce is overwhelmed and stressed, and 56% are in a medium to high risk range for factors associated with smoking and excessive drinking.