In Australia, as in most countries, the landscape of judges is vast. Judicial activity can be categorised in many ways. For example, first there is a tiny minority of judges with ’lifelong’ appointments (ie, to the age of 70 or 72 years); who are appointed by the government in power; who work in offices which look like traditional ’courtrooms’; and whose decision-making processes are usually publicised by observers and the publication of decisions and reasoning; and who, importantly, are constitutionally protected from political interference.