Have you ever been to a massage therapist for an ache or a pain; a chiropractor or an osteopath for a sore back or been to a naturopath because you haven’t been feeling too good. You are not alone. In Australia and all round the world millions of people use complementary medicine and alternative medicine (CAM) to deal with health issues. In some countries that may be the only form of healing available but in the West many people choose CAM to supplement the services provided by orthodox medicine or rely primarily on CAM for many maladies. But are these practitioners licensed or regulated in what they do? Where do they fit into the legal regulatory structure? This article deals with the legal issues that may arise in relation to the application of healing regimes outside of orthodox medicine. These healing regimes will be globally referred to as complementary medicine and alternative medicine (CAM). The importance of CAM is reflected in the increasing use of complementary medicine by medical doctors and the substantial level of demand for these therapies. A recent survey in the USA suggested that in 1997 forty-two percent of USA adult population used at least 1 of a list of sixteen CAM therapies in a year.