Date of this Version
One thousand, one hundred and twenty-one Jewish concentration camp survivors were compared with 367 Jewish controls who had not been in a concentration camp, and had not lost any family members in such a camp. Of interest was the mortality of camp and comparison groups, on the hypothesis that the stress of being in a camp would adversely affect inmates.
It was found that former camp inmates were over twice as likely to die of cancer, coronary heart disease, or other causes as the comparison subjects of similar age and sex composition, and that severity of stress was correlated with mortality in the expected direction. Diathesis, determined by means of a special interviewer administrated questionnaire, was found to interact synergistically with stress in producing high mortality.
This document has been peer reviewed.