Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Accepted version

Boyle, G. J., & Smári, J. (1998). Statiska femfaktorpersonlighets-modeller-Svar till Engvik (Static five-factor models of personality: A reply to Engvik). Nordisk Psykologi (Nordic Psychology), 50, 216-222.

Access the journal




Engvik (1998) has challenged our critique of (1) the ungrounded and excessive reliance on item-transparent, self-report personality measures (Q-data), and of (2) the naive appeal of five-factor models (FFM), in which personality is conceived as a set of static traits not influenced by social experience. In addition, Engvik has attempted to disparage our call for greater emphasis on objective (non-fakeable) performance/test measures of personality (T-data). Despite Engvik's assertion that our arguments are indefensible, there is a great body of empirical evidence and published literature that verifies our view that self-report methodology is seriously flawed, and that conclusions drawn from such measures may be dubious.

Included in

Psychology Commons



This document has been peer reviewed.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.