Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Accepted version

Boyle, G. J., & Smári, J. (1997). De fem stora och personlighetspsykologins matningsproblem (The big five and measurement problems in personality psychology). Nordisk Psykologi (Nordic Psychology), 49, 12-21.

Access the journal




Psychometric measurement of personality as it is applied today is very problematic and often results in unreliable, invalid prediction. The main problems have been, on one hand, the number of personality traits and on the other hand, the almost exclusive use of subjective self-report inventories (Q-data) that more or less automatically lead to biased or distorted judgments. The former problem no doubt is the reason for the popularity of the so-called "Big Five" personality dimensions. There are, however, strong reasons for questioning their validity. In order to remedy the latter problem, more research is needed to develop objective test (T-data) instruments similar, for example, to Cattell's Objective-Analytic Battery.

Included in

Psychology Commons



This document has been peer reviewed.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.