Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Accepted version

Boyle, G. J., & Haines, S. (2002). Severe traumatic brain injury: Some effects on family caregivers. Psychological Reports, 90(2), 415-425.

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© Copyright Ammons Scientific (AmSci), 2002




This study assesses the effects of severe traumatic brain injuries on family members and functioning-a topic of interest for those working with survivors and their families. This issue is receiving increased attention as recent findings suggest that family adjustment influences outcome for brain-injured persons. The Family Environment Scale and the Profile of Mood States were completed by 25 individuals who had a family member with a severe traumatic brain injury. These scales were also completed by a comparison group of 32 individuals who had no brain-injured family member. In terms of family functioning, the findings suggest that, when a family member suffers a severe traumatic brain injury, depression may be elevated, along with a decreased ability to express feelings, decreased time and energy for social and recreational activities, and increased control in comparison to families without a brain-injured member. While this might contribute to family isolation which could last for many years, the overall finding of the present study was that caregiver families were coping adequately.

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Psychology Commons



This document has been peer reviewed.


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