Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Submitted Version.

Gavin, M. (2004). Anti-Japanese sentiment and the responses of two Meiji intellectuals. East Asia: An international quarterly, 21(3), 23-36.

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© Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V., 2004



After the Sino-Japanese War (1894-1895), overpopulation and unemployment became pressing issues in Japan. Many intellectuals were concerned about the social and economic hardships caused by these “new” problems, and endeavoured to remedy them through emigration. Hawai’i and California became popular destinations for Japanese emigrants, both being on the Pacific Rim, with their warm climates and good job opportunities.

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