Date of this Version


Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Details

Submitted Version.

Reprinted from: Dellios, R. (2004). Missing mandalas: Development and theoretical gaps. In K. C. Roy and R. N. Gosh (Eds), Twentieth century development: Some relevant issues (pp. 303-316), Nova Science, New York.

Access the publisher's website.

2004 HERDC submission. FoR Code: 2202

© Copyright Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2004.

Reprinted with permission from Nova Science Publishers, Inc.


The mandala is a fitting metaphor to act as a model for a more balanced conception of development, one that recognizes culture as central to human resource development. A globalising world can be understood as a unity, in which cultural and material divisions - as well as connections – are more readily discerned. The mandala exhibits three key attributes necessary for a more balanced world. They are the integrating elements of the relational, the educational and orientational – whereby cultural and ethical direction serves to bestow meaning in people’s lives. In the opposite direction, a disintegrating world scenario would feature a loss of relationships and hence alienation, a reeducation process that serves prevailing ideologies, and the subsequent disorientation that comes from losing one’s sense of place, direction, and self. The mandala model of development in a globalising world is both missing and missed. It needs to be more fully theorized if it is to make a conceptual contribution to the pressing tasks of the day – not least of which is the desperation of terrorism, involuntary migration and a loss of cultural capital.



This document has been peer reviewed.


To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.