Date of this Version

February 1994

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Muller, J., Winocur, S., Hicks, R. and Delahaye, B. (1994) Gender differnces in the psychological effects of personal development training in the long-term unemployed: a pilot study.

Journal of Applied Social Behaviour, Volume 1, No. 1, Feb. 1994.

Pulished by the School of Social Science: Queensland University of Technology.

Reproduced with permission © Copyright J. Muller, S. Wincour, R. Hicks and B. Delahaye.



Increased psychological well-being has been found for long-term unemployed women and unemployed female sole parents after participation in personal development training. There is a dearth of information, however, on the effects of personal development training for unemployed men. This issue is investigated in a pilot group of 25 long term unemployed males and females who attended personal development training. Pre and post measures were taken on a number of psychological variables (self-esteem, depression, psychological distress, hopelessness, mood states and life satisfaction). Results indicated that females significantly improved on a number of variables post training but males did not. Further research into gender differences is recommended as findings have training policy implications.



This document has been peer reviewed.


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