Date of this Version
Every endurance fitness enthusiast is interested in the next 'new' supplement or training technique that will further increase their maximal aerobic power, aka 'V02 max' (maximal oxygen consumption). We are devoting this issue's Research Review to altitude training, which although not new in professional sport has now entered the fitness enthusiasts' commercial market for both health and fitness benefits. Yes, we said health benefits. We recently published a review paper on the health benefits of altitude training and found that it was associated with improvements in body weight, body composition (>1,700 metres altitude), improved fasting blood glucose (1,500 to 3,000 metres for> 21 days), improved resting blood pressure in hypertensive individuals (1,285 to 2,650 metres) and improved total cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol. There is still plenty more work to be done in this area.