Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Accepted version

This is the peer reviewed version of the following article:

Fisken, A. L., Waters, D. L., Hing, W. A., & Keogh, J. W. (2016). Perceptions towards aqua-based exercise among older adults with osteoarthritis who have discontinued participation in this exercise mode. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 35(1), 12-17. doi:10.1111/ajag.12167

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© Copyright, 2015 AJA Inc.





This study aimed to investigate reasons for ceasing participation in aqua-based exercise among older adults with osteoarthritis (OA).


Eleven adults over 60 years of age with OA participated in one of two focus groups, during which they discussed barriers to aqua-based exercise and the potential benefits of this exercise mode. Each focus group was audiotaped, transcribed and then analysed using the general inductive thematic approach. The investigators reached a consensus on all coding categories and then identified themes.


Key barriers identified were: a lack of suitable classes; insufficient instructor knowledge, which often led to increased pain; cold water and the changing facilities. Key perceived benefits included increased physical ability in water and social interaction.


A greater understanding of reasons for ceasing participation in aqua-based exercise among older adults with OA may help facilitate development of suitable exercise programs that minimise barriers for this group.



This document has been peer reviewed.


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