Jeremy Moore

Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Moore, J. (2008) The pursuit of Asian hegemony: a comparison of Chinese and Indian strategic objectives and containment policies

Working Paper Series; No. 23, Oct. 2008.

Copyright © Jeremy Moore and The Globalisation and Development Centre, Bond University, 2008.


India currently struggles for future Asian leadership against the asymmetrically powerful China. India desires to achieve great power status in the international community whereas China desires to be a global superpower, yet both countries must achieve Asian hegemony first. To achieve Asian hegemony, India and China employ two differing approaches. China has instituted a methodical and scrupulous "calculative strategy", which has propelled them into Asian leadership. The primary component of China’s long term strategy is to systematically encircle India by embroiling them in regional affairs detrimental to India’s larger Asian ambitions. China has engaged and armed South Asian countries such as Pakistan, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Bhutan. India has countered China’s advances by courting Southeast Asian and East Asian countries (the Look East Policy). Additionally, China and India have undergone rapprochement in the 21st century, but this rapprochement is a fagade that will not moderate their antagonistic relationship. Finally, it is imperative for India to emulate China’s realist strategy model to prevent China from engulfing Asia under their hegemonic influence and control.