Date of this Version


Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Published version

Stapleton, P. B., Farr, S., & Kalla, M. (2017). Size does matter: Perceptual distortion of body size in females and the relationship between BMI, depression and body dissatisfaction. International Journal of Healing and Caring, 17(2), 1-16.

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Body dissatisfaction research has primarily focused on either young children or adolescent populations and individuals with clinical eating disorders. The relationship between body dissatisfaction and lifestyle behaviors has been demonstrated, however this link has only been explored in adolescents. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between BMI, depression, anxiety, stress and lifestyle behaviors in levels of body dissatisfaction and perceptual distortion in female adults (N = 121). Depression was found to be a significant predictor of body dissatisfaction, however body dissatisfaction was not affected by BMI, anxiety or stress. Lifestyle behaviors did not significantly predict body dissatisfaction levels. Perceptual distortion was found to exist in a high proportion of females (81.8%). This study suggests that depression is a predictor of body dissatisfaction. These findings will assist in the treatment of body dissatisfaction in females.



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