How Chinese Leaders View Peace?: Mao Zedong versus Deng Xiaoping
Date of this Version
How political leaders view peace is important because such views translate into foreign policies. Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping were two powerful leaders who dominated Chinese foreign policy during the periods of 1949 to 1976 and 1976 to 1989 respectively. This study investigates and compares how the two Chinese leaders view peace by mainly employing a typology of usage of the Chinese word “heping” [peace], combined with examination of words “zhanzheng” [war], “geming” [revolution], “anding” [stability], “gaige” [reform] in their relations to “heping”. Content analysis was operated on selected works of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. It is found that Mao identified China with peace, but the revolution logic affected his prioritization of peace. His peace views also featured a noticeable change from idealism to realism, shaped by China’s strategic environment. For Deng Xiaoping, there was a dominating reform logic in his strategic thinking, and his peace views were mapped accordingly.
Journal, Book or Conference Title
East Asia Security Symposium and Conference 东亚安全座谈谈论会
This document has been peer reviewed.