EASSC Publications

Date of this Version


Document Type

Conference Paper


China has consolidated its status within a complex network of multilateral organizations since the end of the Cold War. Gradually, it has established multiple frameworks with the aim to provide some alternatives to the existing structures. Questions arise whether Beijing is going to use this China-led structure to soft balance Russia in Central Asia or the United States in the Asia Pacific, on its quest to secure its core interests (hexin liyi). A comparative method of China's pro-active agenda setting within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) has been used to evaluate China's engagements. This paper concludes that China's international ambitions will gradually increase the challenge to the established regional architecture. In the foreseeable future, Beijing will further cultivate closer ties with Russia, as they both coordinate their actions, however their future ties might become more competitive.

Journal, Book or Conference Title

East Asia Security Symposium and Conference 东亚安全座谈谈论会

Publication Details

Author Information:

Alica Kizekova
received a Ph.D. in International Relations from Bond University. She is an Adviser to the Speaker of Chamber of Deputies at the Czech Parliament in Prague and an Honorary Adjunct Research Fellow at the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies, Faculty of Society and Design at Bond University. She is the author of Soft Balancing in the Indo-Asia-Pacific: from ASEAN to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.

Laura-Anca Parepa is currently JSPS Research Fellow at University of Tsukuba. Her research is supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 15J01056. She has previously served as defense foreign liaison officer for the Romanian Ministry of Defense and as diplomat in the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Her research interests are civil-military relations, defense diplomacy, security assistance, Sino-Russian cooperation and new security frameworks in Asia. Her most recent publication is “France, United States and China as Security Assistance Providers in Sub-Saharan Africa” in Global South Series: Africa (Kyoto: Minerva, 2016, in Japanese).



This document has been peer reviewed.