Date of this Version


Document Type

Discussion Paper

Publication Details

James B. Shaw, Paul S. Kirkbride, Cynthia D. Fisher and Sara F. Y. Tang (1992) Human Resource Practices in Hong Kong and Singapore: A Comparative Analysis

School of Business Discussion Paper ; No. 27, Jun. 1992

© Copyright James B. Shaw, Paul S. Kirkbride, Cynthia D. Fisher, Sara F. Y. Tang and the School of Business, Bond University



Due to the explosive growth of the Asian economies over the past two decades, considerable attention has been focused on the human resource management (HRM) practices of Asian businesses. In the 1980's, numerous authors described Japanese HRM practices and debated their applicability and transferability to firms in other Asian and Western nations. Although interest in Japanese HRM practices continues, increasing attention is being drawn to management practices of firms in the "little dragons" of East Asia --- Hong Kong, Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea. These "little dragons" have had phenomenal economic success in the last 20 years, with many authors attributing this success to the influence of Confucian cultural values which emphasise the need for hierarchical relationships and conformity, a respect for family and seniority, the importance of education, and the value of hard and diligent work. The study presented in this paper examined the HRM practices in two of the little dragons, Hong Kong and Singapore.