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This article examines the possibilities of new ‘mandalas’ - or schemas - of cooperative power in the geopolitics of India and China as it affects their common Indo-Pacific region. As Asia’s two great civilisational states and reputed arch rivals, India and China need not be on a collision course as they rise to become the 21st century’s new global powers. There is much scope for cooperation in their mutual quest for resources, security and prestige via an understanding of the dynamics of today’s geopolitics and the role of ‘soft power’ embodied in aspects of the strategic cultures of both India and China. The study therefore entails a comparative analysis of the strategic cultures of China and India, and the prospects of sustained cooperation across the Eurasian landmass and surrounding maritime zones. The key concepts in this article are soft power (as the power of attraction rather than coercion), ‘strategic culture’ (a people's distinctive style of dealing with and thinking about the problems of national security), ‘mandala’ (from India's traditional strategic cultures) and ‘harmonious world’ (from Chinese strategic culture).