This article has applied the mandala as a conception of international relations in Southeast Asia. In doing so, key 'mirror events' were analysed with the objective of assessing the viability and relevance of ASEAN in the 21st century. From the analysis, it is evident that there is a place, a desire and a necessity for the continued existence of ASEAN.
"A mandala for the Southeast Asian international system,"
Culture Mandala: The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies: Vol. 6
, Article 2.
Available at: https://epublications.bond.edu.au/cm/vol6/iss1/2