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The Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China have certain international relations principles in common. They are committed to a multipolar rather than a US-dominated unipolar world dominated. The Russian President Vladimir Putin said in 2007 at the Munich Security Conference: “In the modern world the unipolar model is not only unacceptable but also impossible” (Dokumentika, 2012). Chinese President Xi Jinping during his speech at the UN General Assembly in September 2016 pointed out that “the movement towards a multipolar world became an irresistible trend of the history” (Russia Today, 2015). Linked with their preference for a multipolar world is a desire to make and maintain close economic and/or security relationships with a wide variety of states, which includes interaction within the United Nations, the Group of Twenty, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the BRICS countries and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (Russian.news.cn, 2014).