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The current international environment is faced with a transition of great power status between states and also an increased engagement with global institutions. With a growing economy and modernising military, the People’s Republic of China (PRC, China) has acquired the capacity and motivation to approach regional institutions to engage with member-states and ultimately influence the international system. China’s approach to multilateralism demonstrates a ‘preference for multilateral economic cooperation, a reliance on the use of soft power, a skill in capitalising on the reciprocal relationship between multilateralism and bilateralism’ and the implementation of institutional norms. These characteristics are evident in China’s multilateral approaches to the Southeast Asian and Central Asian regions – specifically in relation to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).