A landlocked country, Nepal has a strong and unique identity among the nations as a sovereign state, but it holds a shaky balance between its two giant neighbors, India and China. Due to its geographical bondage, Nepal’s foreign policy priorities and options are limited, as is its ‘strategy for survival’. To the south, east, and west, Nepal has encircling frontiers with India. Northwards, the Himalayas constitute an almost impassible frontier beyond which lies the border with China.
"The entangled triangle of Nepal, India and China,"
Culture Mandala: The Bulletin of the Centre for East-West Cultural and Economic Studies: Vol. 10
, Article 4.
Available at: https://epublications.bond.edu.au/cm/vol10/iss2/4