Appraisals, goal orientations, and emotions while working
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Drawing on appraisal theories of emotion, we hypothesize and test relationships between four appraisals of the immediate task situation and four concurrent emotions in an experience sampling study. The moderating effects of dispositional goal orientations on appraisal-emotion relationships are also explored. Appraisals of task importance, demand, performance, and confidence predict discrete emotions as expected. Goal orientations predict average emotional experience across people. Within-person, goal orientations moderate relationships between task importance and concurrent emotions. Those low on learning, high on prove, or high on avoid goal orientation become more stressed and sad and less happy more rapidly as task importance rises.
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