I have been asked by the editors of this special edition of the Bond Law Review, themed ‘The Law and Politics of Control and Power’, to reflect upon the significance and legacy of the Commonwealth of Australia’s 1967 referendum. I will do this from a critical First Nations stand point. In doing this I acknowledge the efforts of those people who worked on bringing about the 1967 referendum, in the hope that it would provide relief to the critical position of First Nations peoples at the time. The approach I take, or the stand point from which I speak, is centred by and in relationship to the ruwe of my ancestors: the Tanganekald, Meintangk and Boandik Peoples of the South-East of South Australia.