Over five years have passed since the enactment on 11 June 1996 of Part III of the Family Law Act, 1975 (Cth) dealing with Primary Dispute Resolution (‘PDR’). It is timely to reflect, in broad terms, on some of the implications of PDR on Australian family law, and on dispute resolution generally. Some interesting, but also disturbing, trends become apparent. Some possible indicators of future trends in dispute resolution are evident. This broad but selective collection of reflections includes a consideration of the dispute resolution aspects of the July 2001 Report of the Family Law Pathways Advisory Group (‘the Pathways Report’).