Date of this Version


Document Type

Conference Paper

Publication Details

Ma, T., & Xin, H.H. (April, 2011). Early contractor involvement- South Australian Experience. Paper presented at 36th Annual Conference for Australian University Building Educators, Bond University, Gold Coast.


Construction contractors are usually not invited in design stage before design is being finalized. Therefore, it reduces their ability to influence the project's specification. Early Contractor Involvement (ECI) is a form of project delivery which provides efficient use of resources; allows innovation in projects and provides for a value outcome. The aim of this paper is to review the circumstances when ECI will be implemented and to determine the strength and issues of this form of procurement. It also attempts to identify the critical success factors of ECI. A case study is conducted. The results reveal that the ECI approach had allowed all parties to work together to provide early innovations and cost savings, and to integrate greater constructability into the design. Overall, the findings from the case studies provide a valuable insight and understanding of the current practices of ECI projects in the South Australian construction industry.



This document has been peer reviewed.