In Part 1 of this two-part article, Bjorn Johansson discusses the nature of the internet and how this impacts on the resolution of disputes occurring in the online environment. He looks at particular problems that arise with online disputes and their resolution in traditional legal fora or by ADR. He suggests the establishment of a Cybercourt system as a way to simplify dealing with disputes on the internet. In Part 2, which will appear in the next issue of the ADR Bulletin, he addresses legal, technological, practical and political issues to consider in establishing and functioning of a future Cybercourt. He then turns his attention to procedural issues and draws his conclusions about the desirability and practical likelihood of an internationally accepted Cybercourt system becoming a reality.