In this article I look at recent developments in Germany where an experimental scheme for mandatory mediation and conciliation in small claims civil disputes was introduced in 2000. This gave rise to a variety of different models practised in the different states of Germany, ranging from the traditional ‘wise counsel’ conciliation to processes which have more in common with early neutral evaluation or settlement mediation.
"An experiment with small claims mandatory conciliation,"
ADR Bulletin: Vol. 8
, Article 1.
Available at: https://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol8/iss1/1