Contemporary mediation in Australia and North America has come a long way since the pioneering days of the 1970s and 80s. Court-related mediation is the norm in virtually all Australian courts and in many in the US. There are more than 2500 laws in the US that regulate mediation. Mediation case law has quickly developed on issues such as confidentiality, liability of mediators and legal representatives, the enforceability of mediation clauses and mediation agreements. Standards and accreditation for mediators are hotly debated issues as mediation shows all the signs of developing as a profession in its own right. Indeed, Austria proudly claims to be the first country in the world to recognise mediation as a profession through an Act of Parliament.