Mediation is a process both new, in terms of its emergence in the legal arena, and old in terms of its timeless universality. From its birth in the western world, mediation has travelled a winding and often challenging path through common law and then civil law jurisdictions. Suggestions that mediation would be nothing more than a short-lived fad have been short-lived themselves. At the same time many critical questions about mediation process, mediation structures and environment, and mediation outcomes have yet to be explored from a global and comparative perspective.