This special edition of the ADR Bulletin explores some of the diverse directions of ADR in New Zealand. However, there are common threads. The three main articles (on the mediation service set up under the Employment Relations Act 2000 (NZ), dispute system design across a primary industry and restorative justice initiatives) highlight a significant trend. Not only do they reflect thinking that goes beyond conventional and habitual responses to conflict and disputes, and concentrate on questions such as: When is the best time to attempt resolution? What underlies the conflict? How is it best resolved? What cultural factors are brought to disputes? What does a successful resolution look like? They also reflect that much of this thinking is happening at the governmental level.