What did society do before professions introduced competencies, drawing a line in the sand between the expert and the lay person? Is this automatically a safer society, a better society for drawing this line, for defining competent practice? Let us take three traditional cultures, the Japanese, the Hawaiian and the African, and see what they offer outside the recognised competencies for a peace-making professional practice.
"Tried, tested and traditional - holistic mediation practice,"
ADR Bulletin: Vol. 12
, Article 3.
Available at: https://epublications.bond.edu.au/adr/vol12/iss4/3