Date of this Version
Background and Literature:
There are two components of the coupled term, mobile learning. Mobility refers to the untethered nature of the student experience. Devices such as smart phones, tablets, net-books, and iPads make learning materials light-weight and portable. Mobility also means that students can access the internet anywhere, anytime, provided that they also have access to a wireless or 3G network. "Mobile devices open up new opportunities for independent investigations, practical fieldwork, professional updating and on-the-spot access to knowledge" *Kukulska-Hulme & Traxler, (2005), p.26+. Mobile access to the internet affords the opportunity for the constructivist educator to engage students in hands-on inquiry (Cavus & Uzuboylu, 2009; Chao & Chen, 2009; Chen et al., 2008; David et al., 2009; Motiwalla, 2007). These tasks are part of the pedagogy of the higher educator and intended to promote learning.