This thesis investigates the use of regional organizations and soft balancing by great and middle powers in the Indo-Asia-Pacific vis-à-vis hegemonic or rising powers perceived as threatening, at the global and regional levels. It reviews the existing literature on soft balancing and comes to the conclusion that it deserves to be ranked among the main alignment strategies. Soft balancing is a safer, more subtle, and an indirect alternative to hard balancing, minimizing the possibility of counter-reaction from the state against which it has been mobilized.

Year Manuscript Completed



Asian Studies | Defense and Security Studies | International and Area Studies | International Relations | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation


Balance of power; Security, International; International relations; Globalization.

Primary Language of Manuscript