This empirical study identifies and measures ways in which legal specialists with different levels of expertise (but the same technical legal knowledge) think differently when assessing legal risk in information-limited and time-constrained contexts. The insights of this research has the potential to improve the assessment methodologies used in lawyer accreditation schemes, change how users of legal services assess the expertise of legal specialists, increase the effectiveness of in-house training programs developed within law firms and by other legal service providers, and lead to new pedagogical approaches to the design and delivery of post-graduate, mid-career courses offered by law schools. They also provide a new foundation for scholarly research into the cognitive development of specialist legal expertise.

Year Manuscript Completed



Legal Education | Legal Profession | Legal Writing and Research


Lawyers; Lawyers Specialties and specialists; Practice of law Decision making; Practice of law Study and teaching.

Primary Language of Manuscript


01Front.pdf (505 kB)