The Asia-Pacific Partnership: A deepened market liberal model for the international climate regime?
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In December 2007 the nations of the world commenced a two year period of negotiations under the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to arrive at a new global climate agreement to succeed the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to the UNFCCC (Kyoto ProtocoI).¹ However, the international dialogue on climate change over the last decade has extended well beyond the negotiation process under the UN climate regime. After withdrawing from the Kyoto Protocol in 2001, the United States (US) George W. Bush administration was active in forming and participating in a range of international climate-related agreements outside the UN climate change process. The US has joined bilateral climate change partnerships, ² multilateral technology partnerships, ³ the Asia-Pacific Partnership on Clean Development and Climate (Asia-Pacific Partnership), 4 the G8 Climate process5, the APEC Sydney Declaration 2007 6, and also facilitated the US Major Economies Process. 7 The Australian government of Prime Minister John Howard adopted a similar approach of favouring a proliferation of avenues for international dialogue on climate change.8 At the very least, these non-UN climate initiatives represent a significant fragmentation of the international dialogue on any post-2012 global climate agreement.9 At the domestic level this agnosticism to climate change commitments was reflected in a stagnation or outright opposition to the development or strengthening of public laws to address climate change.
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