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The contemporary approach to realising integrated land use and transit oriented development has focussed on the role of the land use planner and urban designer but the key enabling activities for integrated land use and transit oriented development can be seen as being realised in the transit planning process. The key enabling factors of interest here are the mode and system characteristics and the route and station locations.
This paper is focussed on the transit mode and system characteristics and their impact on integrated land use and transit oriented development outcomes. Flexibility versus permanency, transit corridor permeability versus segregation, open versus closed systems, urban penetration, short term transport versus longer term land use benefits and the project vision and image are explored as notable mode impacts on the urban environment.
The research is based on a review of policy and planning documents and a series of semi structured interviews with Council and GCRT staff involved in the planning and design of the Gold Coast Rapid Transit project between 1998 and 2008. This paper is based on a sub set of the authors PhD research which addresses how integrated land use and transit oriented development objectives shape the urban transit planning structure and process.
This document has been peer reviewed.