Promotion of the employment of persons with disabilities in Japan, the United States, and China: Carrot, stick, or both?
Date of this Version
To promote the employment of persons with disabilities, the adoption of one model over the other depends on the economic, political, and social circumstances of a particular country. Regardless of what approach is used to promote the employment of persons with disabilities, empowerment and social integration of persons with disabilities should be the cornerstone. Toward these aims, efforts must be made not only to procure employment opportunities for persons with disabilities, but also to educate employers, workers without disabilities, and the general public regarding unfounded prejudices against this disadvantaged group. In this connection, corporate or industrial codes of conduct or codes of practice for the furtherance of ethical behavior and social responsibility may also contain explicit provisions to facilitate the integration of workers with disabilities. Trade unions can be more proactive in advocating the rights of workers with disabilities and increasing the awareness of obstacles facing persons with disabilities. As a result, legislative efforts to promote the employment of persons with disabilities are only the beginning—meticulous implementation strategies, effectual enforcement mechanisms, regular evaluations of progress, and the fostering of new societal attitudes toward disabilities must follow to effect success.
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