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Abstract

This paper is about the six different Sukūk securities, which originated in 1990s, and are now traded in some 11 markets as the new debt-like securities classed under Islamic finance. The outstanding value of these contracts is estimated to be US $850 billion. This paper proposes a classification for Sukūk contracts as pure debt, equity-based, and asset-backed based on the intrinsic nature and purpose of fund-raising. This classification has more practical use compared to existing classifications. Further, the contract peculiarities of the six instruments (mudārabah, mushārakah, murābahah, ijārah, salam, and istisnāh ) are carefully specified for the first time. To start a discussion on how the economic behavior may be modeled for theory building, the potential cash flow pattern of each type of Sukūk contracts is specified. The paper aims to contribute to advanced studies by specifying the basic behavioral characteristics.

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