Title

How is resilience associated with anxiety and depression? Analysis of factor score interactions within a homogeneous sample

Date of this Version

1-1-2010

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Published Version.

Bitsika, V., Sharpley, C.F. & Peters, K. (2010). How is resilience associated with anxiety and depression? Analysis of factor score interactions within a homogeneous sample. German journal of psychiatry, 13(1), 9-16.

Access the publisher's website.

2010 HERDC submission. FoR Code: 110300

© Copyright German Journal of Psychiatry, 2010

Abstract

Aim: To explore the ways in which resilience is associated with anxiety and depression within a homogenous sample.

Methods: 401 Australian university students completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the Zung Selfrating

Anxiety and Depression Scales. Factor scores from the resilience scale were regressed against total anxiety and depression scores, combined anxiety-depression scores and the underlying factors of the combined anxiety-depression construct.

Results: Self-confidence and optimism were most strongly negatively associated with anxiety and depression, followed by being decisive and solution-focussed and seeking challenges, having a strong purpose and being persistent, although different combinations of factors predicted anxiety than did depression. Spiritual beliefs did not appear to buffer against anxiety or depression in this sample.

Conclusion: Enhancement of resilience, self-confidence and optimism appear to be major potential targets for therapy intervention with this age and occupation group.

This document has been peer reviewed.