Current research in personality traits and individual differences
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Personality traits have been a central part of the study of personality for 70 years or more, from early studies by personologists to more recent studies by Cattell and Eysenck, and their associates. Most of the research has used data from self-report inventories and rating scales and these have posed problems, such as response distortion, that have become the focus of further research. Currently, there are attempts to assess personality traits through other means than self-report inventories, such as through genetic-biological analyses and from computer-generated approaches. A review of the history of personality traits, the recent attempt to define and limit personality structure to the 'Big Five', and the influence of these and related traits on behaviour is given in this chapter, which also details the theoretical emphases associated with the various approaches, especially in the current century.
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