Date of this Version


Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Details

Submitted Version.

Reprinted from: Dellios, R. (2004). Missing mandalas: Development and theoretical gaps. In K. C. Roy and R. N. Gosh (Eds), Twentieth century development: Some relevant issues (pp. 303-316), Nova Science, New York.

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2004 HERDC submission. FoR Code: 2202

© Copyright Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2004.

Reprinted with permission from Nova Science Publishers, Inc.


The mandala is a fitting metaphor to act as a model for a more balanced conception of development, one that recognizes culture as central to human resource development. A globalising world can be understood as a unity, in which cultural and material divisions - as well as connections – are more readily discerned. The mandala exhibits three key attributes necessary for a more balanced world. They are the integrating elements of the relational, the educational and orientational – whereby cultural and ethical direction serves to bestow meaning in people’s lives. In the opposite direction, a disintegrating world scenario would feature a loss of relationships and hence alienation, a reeducation process that serves prevailing ideologies, and the subsequent disorientation that comes from losing one’s sense of place, direction, and self. The mandala model of development in a globalising world is both missing and missed. It needs to be more fully theorized if it is to make a conceptual contribution to the pressing tasks of the day – not least of which is the desperation of terrorism, involuntary migration and a loss of cultural capital.

This document has been peer reviewed.