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This paper reports on a study using grounded theory methodology to track the contexts in which Australian parliamentarians used the expressions "press freedom" and "freedom of the press" over the ten years to 2004. It uses Hansard records to identify the speeches in which discussions of press freedom arose. Interestingly the terms were used by members of the House of Representatives or Senate in just 78 speeches out of more than 180,000 over that decade. Those usages have been coded to develop a theory about the interface between press freedom and the parliament. This article reports just one aspect of the findings from the larger study – the way parliamentarians have contrasted the value of press freedom in Australia with press freedom in other countries. It is one step towards building a broader theory of press freedom in the Australian parliamentary context.