Shoulder pain and dysfunction in young surf lifesavers
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Objectives: To determine the incidence and prevalence of significantly interrupting shoulder pain (SIP) in young surf lifesavers and to determine association with training dosage and the ‘combined elevation test’. Participants: 54 surf lifesavers aged 10e18 from the Gold Coast, Australia. Methods and outcome measures: Retrospective survey of SIP and training dosage. Cross-sectional measures of the combined elevation test. Design: Retrospective. Results: 56.5% of female surf lifesavers reported a history of SIP compared to males with 48.5%. Females had a higher combined elevation score compared to males, 28.32 ± SD 8.52 cm and 26.09 ± SD 6.64 cm, respectively. Young surf lifesavers had an incidence rate of 2.1 SIP episodes per thousand hours of training, an incidence proportion of 51.9% and prevalence of 18.5%. Combined elevation had low level positive trends with training dosages and statistically significant negative correlation with board paddling sessions per week (r ¼ 0.287, p 0.05). Those with a history of SIP had a statistically significant higher number of sessions (p ¼ 0.008), duration (p ¼ 0.015) and distance (p ¼ 0.005) swimming per week. Conclusion: Young surf lifesavers with a history of SIP have greater swimming dosage not associated with a decreased combined elevation score.
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