Title

Testosterone suppresses the expression of regulatory enzymes of fatty acid synthesis and protects against hepatic steatosis in cholesterol-fed androgen deficient mice

Date of this Version

7-1-2014

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Citation only

Kelly, D.M., Nettleship, J.E.., Vakkat Muraleedharan, S., Sellers, D.J., Brooke, J.C., McLaren,D.S., Channer, K., Hugh Jones, T. (2014, in press). Testosterone suppresses the expression of regulatory enzymes of fatty acid synthesis and protects against hepatic steatosis in cholesterol-fed androgen deficient mice, Life Sciences.

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© Copyright, Elsevier B.V., 2014

ISSN

0024-3205

Abstract

Aims: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and its precursor hepatic steatosis is common in obesity and type-2 diabetes and is associatedwith cardiovascular disease (CVD).Men with type-2 diabetes and/or CVD have a high prevalence of testosterone deficiency. Testosterone replacement improves key cardiovascular risk factors. The effects of testosterone on hepatic steatosis are not fully understood. Main methods: Testicular feminised (Tfm) mice, which have a non-functional androgen receptor (AR) and very lowserumtestosterone levels,were used to investigate testosterone effects on high-cholesterol diet-induced hepatic steatosis. Key findings: Hepatic lipid deposition was increased in Tfmmice and orchidectomised wild-type littermates versus intact wild-type littermate controls with normal androgen physiology. Lipid deposition was reduced in Tfm mice receiving testosterone treatment compared to placebo. Oestrogen receptor blockade significantly, but only partially, reduced the beneficial effects of testosterone treatment on hepatic lipid accumulation. Expression of key regulatory enzymes of fatty acid synthesis, acetyl-CoA carboxylase alpha (ACACA) and fatty acid synthase (FASN) were elevated in placebo-treated Tfm mice versus placebo-treated littermates and Tfm mice receiving testosterone treatment. Tfm mice on normal diet had increased lipid accumulation compared to littermates but significantly less than cholesterol-fed Tfm mice and demonstrated increased gene expression of hormone sensitive lipase, stearyl-CoA desaturase-1 and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma but FASN and ACACA were not altered. Significance: An action of testosterone on hepatic lipid deposition which is independent of the classic AR is implicated. Testosteronemay act in part via an effect on the key regulatory lipogenic enzymes to protect against hepatic steatosis.

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This document has been peer reviewed.