Title

Soldier occupational load carriage – A narrative review of associated injuries

Date of this Version

9-1-2013

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Citation only

Orr, R., Pope, R., Johnston, V., & Coyle, J. (2013). Soldier Occupational Load Carriage – A Narrative Review of Associated Injuries, International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, 1-9.

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© Copyright Taylor & Francis, 2013

ISSN

1745-7300

Abstract

This narrative review examines injuries sustained by soldiers undertaking occupational load carriage tasks. Military soldiers are required to carry increasingly heavier occupational loads. These loads have been found to increase the physiological cost to the soldier and alter their gait mechanics. Aggregated research findings suggest that the lower limbs are the most frequent anatomical site of injury associated with load carriage. While foot blisters are common, other prevalent lower limb injuries include stress fractures, knee and foot pain, and neuropathies, like digitalgia and meralgia. Shoulder neuropathies (brachial plexus palsy) and lower back injuries are not uncommon. Soldier occupational load carriage has the potential to cause injuries that impact on force generation and force sustainment. Through understanding the nature of these injuries targeted interventions, like improved physical conditioning and support to specialised organisations, can be employed.

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This document has been peer reviewed.