Title

Factors associated with older patients' engagement in exercise after hospital discharge

Date of this Version

9-1-2011

Document Type

Journal Article

Publication Details

Citation only

Hill, A-M., Hoffmann, T. C., McPhail, S., Beer, C., et al. (2011). Factors associated with older patients' engagement in exercise after hospital discharge. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 92 (9), 1395-1403.

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2011 HERDC submission. FoR code: 110600, 110300

© Copyright American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine, 2011

ISSN

0003-9993

Abstract

Objectives: To identify factors that are associated with older patients' engagement in exercise in the 6 months after hospital discharge.

Design: A prospective observational study using qualitative and quantitative evaluation.

Setting: Follow-up of hospital patients in their home setting after discharge from a metropolitan general hospital.

Participants: Participants (N=343) were older patients (mean age ± SD, 79.4±8.5y) discharged from medical, surgical, and rehabilitation wards and followed up for 6 months after discharge.

Interventions: Not applicable.

Main Outcome Measures: Self-perceived awareness and risk of falls measured at discharge with a survey that addressed elements of the Health Belief Model. Engagement and self-reported barriers to engagement in exercise measured at 6 months after discharge using a telephone survey.

Results: Six months after discharge, 305 participants remained in the study, of whom 109 (35.7%) were engaging in a structured exercise program. Multivariable logistic regression analysis demonstrated participants were more likely to be engaging in exercise if they perceived they were at risk of serious injury from a fall (odds ratio [OR] =.61; 95% confidence interval [CI],.48.78; P
Conclusions: Older patients have low levels of engagement in exercise after hospital discharge. Researchers should design exercise programs that address identified barriers and facilitators, and provide education to enhance motivation and self-efficacy to exercise in this population.

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This document has been peer reviewed.