Title

Participant motivation: A comparison of male and female athletes competing at the 2009 World Masters Games

Date of this Version

2016

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Details

Citation only

Heazlewood, I., Walsh, J. J., Climstein, M., Adams, K., & Sevene, T. DeBeliso, M., & Kettunen, J.J. (2016). Participant motivation: A comparison of male and female athletes competing at the 2009 World Masters Games. In J.M. Montague & L.M. Tan (Eds.), Applied Psychology - proceedings of the 2015 Asian congress, (pp. 291-297). World Scientific Publishers.

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Copyright © 2016 World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd

ISBN

978981472381

Abstract

Participant motivation evaluates factors that enhance motivation to participate. The research aim was to evaluate similarities and differences in participant motivation between males and females who competed at the 2009 World Masters Games (WMG). Participants were male; n=2522 and female; n=2438. The 56 item Motivations of Marathoners Scale (MOMS) instrument was completed by online survey using a 7-point Likert scale. Participant motivation of health orientation, weight concern, personal goal achievement, competition, recognition, affiliation, psychological coping, life meaning and self-esteem were assessed. Genders displayed similar factors of goal achievement, health orientation and affiliation as most important. Discriminant analysis indicated affiliation and competition as most discriminating with females having higher affiliation scores, whereas males displayed higher competition scores.

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This document has been peer reviewed.