Participant motivation: A comparison of male and female athletes competing at the 2009 World Masters Games
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Participant motivation evaluates factors that enhance motivation to participate. The research aim was to evaluate similarities and differences in participant motivation between males and females who competed at the 2009 World Masters Games (WMG). Participants were male; n=2522 and female; n=2438. The 56 item Motivations of Marathoners Scale (MOMS) instrument was completed by online survey using a 7-point Likert scale. Participant motivation of health orientation, weight concern, personal goal achievement, competition, recognition, affiliation, psychological coping, life meaning and self-esteem were assessed. Genders displayed similar factors of goal achievement, health orientation and affiliation as most important. Discriminant analysis indicated affiliation and competition as most discriminating with females having higher affiliation scores, whereas males displayed higher competition scores.
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